In little over a decade, AI has made leaps and bounds. Every day, new headlines showcase the most recent advancement in AI. In fact, advancements are accelerating:
- 2004 DARPA sponsors a driverless car grand challenge. Technology developed by the participants eventually allows Google to develop a driverless automobile and modify existing transportation laws;
- 2005 Honda’s ASIMO humanoid robot is able to walk as fast as a human, delivering trays to customers in a restaurant setting. The same technology is now used in military robots;
- 2007 Computers learned to play a perfect game of checkers, and in the process opened the door for algorithms capable of searching vast databases of information;
- 2011 IBM’s Watson wins Jeopardy against top human champions. It is currently training to provide medical advice to doctors. It is capable of mastering any domain of knowledge;
- 2012 Google releases its Knowledge Graph, a semantic search knowledge base, likely to be the first step toward true artificial intelligence;
- 2013 Facebook releases Graph Search, a semantic search engine with intimate knowledge about Facebook’s users, essentially making it impossible for us to hide anything from the intelligent algorithms;
- 2013 BRAIN initiative aimed at reverse engineering the human brain receives 3 billion US dollars in funding by the White House, following an earlier billion euro European initiative to accomplish the same;
- 2014 Chatbot convinced 33% of the judges that it was human and by doing so passed a restricted version of a Turing Test;
- 2015 Single piece of general software learns to outperform human players in dozens of Atari video games;
- 2016 Go playing deep neural network beats world champion.
Source: Artificial Intelligence Safety and Cybersecurity: a Timeline of AI Failures, https://arxiv.org/pdf/1610.07997.pdf
However, little information is shared on the failures in AI and even less on why they fail.
Failure is king
Failure is at the core of human advancement. For example, the microwave’s invention was a failed attempt at making a military grade radar during WW2. Percy Spencer noticed a melting chocolate bar in his pocket while working on magnetrons for Raytheon, a major U.S. defense contractor.
Continue reading “3 AI Fails and Why They Happened”